CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a technique for saving lives during an emergency. It is useful in situations like a heart attack or near drowned. It is basically used when a person’s heartbeat stops.
It is good to know how to perform CPR as you may not know when one would get into a situation like this. This knowledge could save a life someday. This article is all about how to perform CPR and all the information related to it.
CPR basically is done to keep the blood pumping through the body so it reaches the vital areas like kidneys, brain, liver etc.If blood does not reach these organs, they can suffer irreparable damage and ultimately death.
There are certain things that you need to know before you begin CPR on a person.
- Is the person conscious or unconscious?
- Are the surroundings safe for the patient? You need to make sure the person is away from any kind of danger.
- If the person is not responding, pat their shoulder or shake them asking “Are you Alright?”
- Call the emergency services as soon as you can…
- If an AED ( automated external defibrillator) is available, use it to give one shock and then begin CPR.
Every person should be trained in CPR as it may help save a life someday. The sequence of steps for CPR can be remembered by C-A-B which stands for Compressions-Airway-Breathing.
Compressions are done to restore the blood circulation in the body. Steps for compression are as follows:
- Lie the person on his/her back and kneel down near the person’s shoulders.
- Place one palm on the chest of the person between the nipples and the other hand on top of the first.
- Press the person’s’ chest downwards by the weight of your upper body. The compression rate needs to be 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
Airway should be opened and cleared of any obstructions.
- You need to open the person’s airway using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. With one hand lift the person’s head and tilt it little backward and with other hand move the chin forward. This will open the airway.
- You need to check for any signs of breathing. Try to listen to breathing sounds. Look out for breathing motion of chest. If the person is gasping for air, it is abnormal and therefore is in trouble. You need to administer mouth-to-mouth breathing. Continue with the chest compressions if you are not trained in CPR.
Breathing needs to be done to rescue the person in trouble. Mouth-to-mouth or even mouth-to-nose can be performed in case the mouth cannot be opened due to injury.
- You need to open the airway using head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Close the nose and make a seal with your mouth to the person’s mouth.
- Two rescue breaths are given. The first one lasts for 1 second. Then you need to look for any signs of chest movement. If there is, then give the second breath. If there is no chest movement, then do the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver again and 1-second short breath followed by 30 chest compressions.
- One short breath followed by 30 compressions comprises of one cycle. If the person does not show any movement after 5 cycles, then apply an AED once if available. Then again start chest compressions.
- You should continue CPR until medical assistance arrives.
For more info, check out the Gifographic shared by Carrington College.